Concept of NGO in India:

NGO may be described as an organization having a predefined economical, Educational, cultural, Religious or social association. They are not in control of anybody and cannot divide it’s surplus as such. Whatever, Profit they may achieve from economic trades are rehabilitated or invested on apt non-profit actions or activities. The quintessential fount of earnings of NGO are donations, Scholarship, Awards, Membership fee and interest on asset”. In the current scenario, The word NGO signifies to authorised trust, Societies, Cooperative associations, public funds, unlucrative companies, etc. Engaged for the common good, Development and evolution of the public in a way additive to similar operations of the state and therefore, Called as Non-Government Organizations (NGOs).



There is no certain act pertaining to this form. However, a trust is originated from a Trust deed which is the advisory element for functioning/operating the trust for the reason it has been established. A Trust is established either for benign and/or religious reasons.  Even though there are no certain acts for trust but Charitable Endowment Act, 1890 & Charitable and Religious Act, 1920 is cited while establishing a benign/religious trust.The above mentioned can also be authorised by the Registrar of Public Trusts.



Society Registration Act, 1860 pertains to this concept. Society is a web of people who come along by mutual agreement to act together for a generic purpose. A Society is built, by steps of a Memorandum of Collaboration, by any seven or above humans correlated due to any literary, scientific, charitable or religious project idea etc. This memorandum of Collaboration has to be presented to the Registrar of Societies along with the list of the decree and precedents of the society.



RWAs (Resident Welfare Associations) are particularly recognized by the Societies Registration Act,1860.These function on the basis of constitutional documents such as a Memorandum of Association which conclude their roles and objectives.They are discretional collaborations made by citizens and they don’t have any statutory authority.As societies, Resident Welfare Associations (RWA’s) also make their separate decree and regulations to explain their powers, roles, governance structure, names of dignitaries etc. Because it is a society, RWA is a legal person and has the power sue and be sued as well. In order to take care of society’s bylaws, pointing towards any disputes over administration of the society or alimentation of public areas, etc. is the work scope of an RWA.


Section 8 Company:

Company Act, 2013 gives us information about the formation of Section 8 (Company) with its centric purpose of providing help/assistance to the public with its benign or religious purposes.Any citizen or a group of people who intend to be authorised as a limited organization for benign reasons can affix for registration of Section 8 company.